MMPI-2 Interpretive Reports

As an objective approach to assessing human personality, the MMPI has long "set the standard." Copyrighted in 1943 and revised as the MMPI-2 Test in 1989, it remains–as it has been for decades–the most widely used of all personality tests. 

No test instrument nor practical application of that instrument is better than its interpretation. Since 1969, Caldwell Report has endeavored to set the interpretive standard. Widely known for its accuracy, depth, and clinical utility, each Caldwell Report is backed by the expertise of Alex B. Caldwell, Ph.D.

MMPI-2 Narrative Report
This is the major long-term focus of our work, the highly individualized report in four sections:
  • Test Taking Attitude
  • Symptoms and Personality Characteristics
  • Diagnostic Impression
  • Treatment Considerations

Our interpretive reports are assembled very largely one sentence at a time. The algorithms then generate a dictation-formatted report. About three-fourths of these reports now contain the new Adaptation and Attachment Hypotheses section, an exploration of Etiology for the more frequent codetypes.

These interpretations are actuarial to the fullest extent. That is, the content comes from a detailed scrutiny of cases with the same type of test pattern. They are as little as possible what one would "suppose" a person with such a pattern "should" be like. Given the wide range of sources of protocols and different contexts of testing, the Caldwell Reports can never be exactly quantified as to the probabilities of any given behavior or outcome.

Not only for use in psychotherapy, the Caldwell Report interpretations have mattered greatly in:

  • Criminal Trials
  • Civil Litigations
  • Personnel Selection
  • Insurance And Retirement Benefits Determinations
  • Drug and Alcohol Treatment Settings
and a host of other settings where the status of an individual's personality makes a difference.

Thus, the Caldwell Report interpretations of the MMPI-2 Test remain highly informative as to psychological aspects in the individual's complaints and the clinical picture more generally across multiple contexts of assessment.

Sample Report   View Sample MMPI-2 Report

See more sample reports with case studies in the Clinical Applications with Sample Reports section.


MMPI-2 Custody Report

This is the interpersonal side of the MMPI-2, providing hypotheses regarding 26 variables that pertain to family interactions and child custody examinations. These are complimentary to the predominantly intrapsychic emphasis of the MMPI-2 Narrative Reports.

We have recently added reference information to each of the 26 variables, indicating the scales, scores, and indices by which the particular hypotheses were mainly generated; this makes these hypotheses much more easily defended in depositions and testimony.

The recommended procedure is to obtain the MMPI-2 Custody Report relatively early in the evaluation process so that this information can be used to guide the evaluator toward specific problem areas throughout the evaluation.

When this method is used, the convergence of objective, test-generated hypotheses with corresponding, observed patterns of behavior gives your presentation a unique and unprecedented boost in credibility. That is, if the hypotheses expressed by the evaluator were generated by this entirely unbiased system and these test-based predictions were confirmed by observations, collateral sources, and other test results, then the determinations based on these hypotheses will not flow from a "taking sides bias" of the evaluator. This unbiased identification of potentially damaging or psychologically destructive parental attitude and reactions is central to the preparation of reports and testimony that the court can rely on to serve the best interests of the children.

Sample Report   View Sample MMPI-2 Custody Report

See more Child Custody related sample reports with case studies in the Child Custody Applications with Sample Reports section.


MMPI-2 Narrative Report with Custody Report
Order both the MMPI-2 Custody Report with the Narrative Report at a discounted rate. The Custody Report is independent of our Narrative Report, but the two are designed to complement each other. The Narrative Reports focus on what is occurring within the individual, and the Custody Reports focus on how these characteristics can potentially affect the parent-child and associated familial interactions. For the fullest possible understanding of the family nexus, we recommed that, when ordering the Custody Report, you also obtain the Narrative Report.



Personnel Evaluation Form
The Personnel Evaluation Form is mainly used for the screening of high risk employment and related selections of special sensitivity and/or consequences for the public. It is also used for return-to-work evaluations. It was particularly intended for and has been used with

The form identifies 43 areas of attitudes, behaviors, and potential interpersonal difficulties that could be problematic in work contexts. This information has proved to be useful in a much wider range of contexts when properly applied. It has been helpful in evaluating individuals for resuming employment and return to duty. It has also been instructive where work issues are important in the course of treatment, both for evaluative purposes and for client feedback. Here it can help to focus on what areas need to be considered and worked on.


MMPI-2 Narrative Report with Criminal Forensic Supplement
The Criminal Forensic Supplement adds a brief report considering the influences on the individual’s item responses due to incarceration. It notes items that might be answered differently in the absence of incarceration, for consideration and possible interview inquiry.


MMPI-2 Supplemental Validity Report
In some applications (e.g., job screening) the test validity information is crucial. The MMPI-2 Supplemental Validity Report presents just our uniquely differentiated Test Taking Attitude section from the Narrative Report.


Shipley Institute of Living Report
This provides an approximate estimation of IQ along with commentary on any appreciable discrepancy between the two parts of the Shipley Institute of Living Scale.


MMPI-2 Scoring Only

MMPI-2 Scoring includes:

  • Profile graph
  • Critical Items
  • Supplemental Scale scores


MMPI-2 Invalid Report
A specialized analysis of Test Taking Attitude when the validity scores are too extreme to justify a configural interpretation of the profile. The fee is applicable to a Narrative Report on a valid retest answer sheet submitted within two (2) months of the invalid test.


Each of these reports is available using the 370 question format for testing.

- To see our reports in action, take a look at our Clinical Applications with Sample Reports section.

For information regarding faxing, additional processing and special handling fees, or other questions, please contact Caldwell Report.

Click the following link for a FREE DOWNLOAD of
"What do the MMPI Scales Fundamentally Measure?"